- Avoiding plagiarism – 27 Guidelines at a Glance
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 27-Conflict of Interests
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 26-Ghost Authorship, Academic & Professional Ghost Authorship
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 25-Authorship in faculty-student collaborations
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 24-Establishing authorship
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 23-A brief overview on Conflict of Interests
- Avoiding plagiarism-Authorship in faculty-student collaborations
- Avoiding plagiarism -Establishing authorship
- Avoiding plagiarism-Deciding on authorship
- Avoiding plagiarism-AUTHORSHIP ISSUES AND CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 22-Selective reporting of results
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 21-Selective Reporting of Methodology
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 20-Selective reporting of Literature
- ETHICALLY INAPPROPRIATE WRITING PRACTICES
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 19-Borrowing extensively but only acknowledging a small
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 16-18 Citing sources that were not read
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 15- Relying on an abstract while citing the published version
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 14-ETHICALLY QUESTIONABLE CITATION PRACTICES
- THE LESSER CRIMES OF WRITING- OTHER QUESTIONABLE WRITING PRACTICES
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 13- ‘Borderline’/unacceptable cases of text recycling
- Avoiding plagiarism-What are the Forms of acceptable text recycling?
- Avoiding plagiarism- What is Text recycling ?
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 12:Copyright Infringement, fair use
- Avoiding plagiarism-Copyright Law
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 11 -Salami Slicing (i.e., data fragmentation)
- Avoiding plagiarism -Academic Self-plagiarism (Double-dipping)
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 10 -Redundant and Duplicate (i.e., dual) Publications
- Avoiding Plagiarism :Self Plagiarism
- Avoiding plagiarism-Plagiarism and authorship disputes
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 9: Plagiarism and common knowledge
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 7&8 -Paraphrasing highly technical language
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 6-Examples of paraphrasing: Good and Bad
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 6-Paraphrasing and Plagiarism
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 4 & 5-Inappropriate paraphrasing
- Avoiding Plagiarism Guideline 2 & 3-Plagiarism of text
- Avoiding plagiarism :Guideline 1 -Plagiarism of ideas -Acknowledging the source of our ideas
- What is Plagiarism?
- On ethical writing
- A guide to ethical writing
About this Material
Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing
The purpose of this module is to help students, as well as professionals, identify and prevent questionable practices and to develop an awareness of ethical writing. This guide was written by Miguel Roig, PhD, from St. Johns University with funding from Office of Research Integrity.
Altman DG, Schulz KF, Moher D, for the CONSORT Group (2001). The revised CONSORT statement for reporting randomized trials: explanation and Elaboration. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 1987-1991.Electronic version retrieved on June 20th, 2003, http://www.consort-statement.org/jama.pdf.
American Association of University Professors (September/October, 1989).”Statement on Plagiarism.” Academe, 75, 5, 47-48.
Blancett, S. S., Flanagin, A., & Young, R. K. (1995).Duplicate publication in the nursing literature.IMAGE Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 27, 51-56.
Biros, M. H. (2000).Advice to Authors: Getting Published in Academic Emergency Medicine, http://www.saem.org/inform/aempub.htm., retrieved March 6, 2003.
Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (1995).The craft of research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd. (1976).420 F.Supp. 177 (S.D.N.Y).
Chapman, R. L.(Ed.) (1992). Roget’s International thesaurus, 5th edition. New York: HarperCollins.
Dorland, W. A. (2000).Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary, 29th edition.Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
Fine, M. A. and Kurdek, L. A. (1993).Reflections on determining authorship credit and authorship order on faculty-student collaborations.American Psychologist, 48, 1141-1147.
Gilchrist, A. (1979).The perception of surface blacks and whites.Scientific American, 24, 88-97.
Goodman, N. (1998).Paper failed to mention earlier review (letter).British Medical Journal, 317, 884.
Hacker, D. (2000).A pocket style manual, 3rd edition.N.Y.: Bedford/St. Martin’s.
Hexham, I. (1999).The plague of plagiarism. Department of Religious Studies. The University of Calgary. http://c.faculty.umkc.edu/cowande/plague.htm#self
Howard, R. M. (1999).The new abolitionism comes to plagiarism.In L. Buranen, L. & M. Roy (Eds.)Perspectives on plagiarism and intellectual property in a postmodern world.N.Y.: State University of New York.
Iverson, C, et al. (1998).American Medical Association Manual of Style. A Guide for Authors and Editors, 9th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.
International Committee of Medial Journal Editors (1999).Uniform Requirements for Manuscript Submitted to Biomedical Journals.Annals of Internal Medicine. http://www.acponline.org/journals/annals/01jan97/unifreqr.htm.
Jefferson, T. (1998). Redundant publication in biomedical sciences: Scientific Misconduct or necessity?Science and Engineering Ethics, 4, 135-140.
Kassirer, J. P. & Angell, M. (1995).Redundant publication: A reminder.The New England Journal of Medicine, 333, 449- 450.Retrieved, March 7, 2003 from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/333/7/449.
Kolin, F. C. (2002).Successful Writing at Work, 6th Edition.Houghton Mifflin
Levin, J. R. & Marhsall, H. (1993).Publishing in the Journal of Educational Psychology: Reflections at midstream (Editorial). Journal of Educational Psychology,85, 3-6.
Logan, T. K., Walker, R., Cole, J., &Leukefeld, C. (2002).Victimization and substance abuse among women: Contributing factors, interventions, and implications.Review of General Psychology, 6, 325-397.
Lunyak, V., et al., (2002).Corepressor-dependent silencing of chromosomal regions encoding neuronal genes.Science, 298, 1747-1756.
Martin, B. (1997).Credit where credit is due.Campus Review, 7, 11.Electronic version (http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/plagiarismfraud.html) accessed on 2/3/03.
Martini, F. H., & Bartholomew, M. S. (1997).Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Mistiaen, V. (2002).Time and the great healer.The Guardian, November 2. http://www.guardian.co.uk/weekend/story/0,3605,823114,00.html accessed 2/19
Nathan, M. H. (1994).Variations of plagiarism (letter).American Journal of Roentgenology, 163, 727.
Office of Science and Technology Policy (1999).Research Misconduct – A New Definition and New Procedures for Federal Research Agencies.http://www.ostp.gov/html/9910_20_2.html, accessed 1/23/03.
Paul, D. B. and Blumenthal, A. L. (1989).On the trail of Little Albert.Psychological Record, 39, 547-553.
Pechnick, J. A. (2001).A short guide to writing about biology, 4th Edition.New York: Addison Wesley Longman.
Perkin, M. (1999).References were misinterpreted.British Medical Journal, 318, 1288.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 5th Edition (2001). Washington, D.C.American Psychological Association.
Roig, M. (2002).Recycling portions of text from the same author/s previously published papers in psychology: An exploratory study.Paper presented at the second Office of Research Integrity’s conference on Research Integrity, Bethesda, MD.
Salazar, M. K. (1993).Using the words and works of others: A commentary.Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health, 41, 46-49.
Schatz, A. (1993).The true story of the discovery of streptomycin.Actinomycetes, 4, 27-39.
Schein, M.(2001).Redundant publications: From self-plagiarism to “Salami-Slicing”.New Surgery, 1, 139-140.
Siebers, R. and Holt, S. (2000).Accuracy of references in five leading medical journals (letter).The Lancet, 356, 1445. http://www.thelancet.com/search/search.isa. Electronic version retrieved June 15, 2003.
Standler, R. B. (2000).Plagiarism in Colleges in USA. http://www.rbs2.com/plag.htm, accessed 2/17/03.
Steinbok, P. (1995).Ethical considerations relating to writing a medical scientific paper for publication.Child’s Nervous System, 11, 323-328.
Stelfox, H. T., Chua, G., O’Rourke, K., Detsky, A. S. (1998).Conflict of interest in the debate over calcium-channel antagonists.The New England Journal of Medicine, 338, 101-106.Electronic version retrieved June 20th, 2003, http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/338/2/101
Steneck, N. H. (2000).Assessing the integrity of publicly funded research.In Proceedings of the First ORI Research Conference on Research Integrity.Office of Research Integrity (pp. 1-16).
Wheeler, A. G. (July, 10, 1989).The pressure to publish promotes disreputable science.The Scientist, 3 (14): 11, http://www.the-scientist.com/yr1989/jul/opin_890710.html, retrieved March 6, 2003.
Taylor, D. McD.The appropriate use of references in a scientific paper.Emergency Medicine, 14, 177-170.
U.S. Copyright Office (September 30, 1996).Copyright law of the United States.Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, Circular 92.
U.S. Public Health Service. (August 8, 1989).Responsibility of PHS awardee and applicant institutions for dealing with and reporting possible misconduct in science. 54 Federal Register 151; 42 CRF Part 50, 32446-51.
Watson, J. B. and Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.
Woloshin, S. and Schwartz, L. M. (2002).Press Releases: Translating Research Into News.Journal of the American Medical Association, 287:2856-2858.Electronic version retrieved June 18th, 2003, http://jama.ama- assn.org/cgi/content/full//287/21/2856
Zigmond, M. J. and Fischer, B. A. (2002).Beyond fabrication and plagiarism: The little murders of everyday science. Commentary on “Six Domains of Research Ethics”.Science and Engineering Ethics, 8, 229-234.